Salient Features of Anusaaraka

Faithful representation of text in source language:

Throughout the various layers of Anusaaraka output there is an effort to ensure that the user should be able to understand the information contained in the English sentence. This is given greater importance than giving perfect sentences in Hindi, for it would be pointless to have a translation that reads well but does not truly capture the information of the source text.

The layered output is unique to Anusaaraka. Thus, source language text information and how the Hindi translation is finally arrived at, can be accessed by the user. The important feature of the layered output is that the information transfer is done in a controlled manner at every step thus, making it possible to revert back without any loss of information. Also, any loss of information that cannot be avoided in a translation process is then done in a gradual way. Therefore, even if the translated sentence is not as 'perfect' as human translation, with some effort and orientation on reading Anusaaraka output, an individual can understand what the source text is implying by looking at the layers and and context in which that sentence appears.


The feature of gradual transference of information from one layer to the next, gives Anusaaraka an additional advantage of bringing reversibility in the translation process – a feature which cannot be achieved by a conventional machine translation system. A bi-lingual user of Anusaaraka can, at any point, access the source language text in English, because of the transparency in the output. Some amount of orientation on how to read the Anusaaraka output would be required for this.


Display of step-by-step translation layers gives an increased level of confidence to the end-user, as he can trace back to the source and get clarity regarding translated text by analysis of the output layers and some reference to context.

form input